About one quarter of Canadians obtain drinking water from a groundwater source. These include municipal wells, private wells or less commonly, springs. Clearly, the quality and quantity of groundwater is of direct concern to consumers and those responsible for ensuring these supplies are safe and adequate to meet the demand. Groundwater resources occur in aquifers, below the ground surface where they are essentially invisible. To locate and development a groundwater source, a hydrogeological investigation is usually conducted. Hydrogeological investigations begin with assessments of an area’s groundwater supply potential, followed by field studies to explore a target aquifer. The hydrogeological study may include geophysical surveys, pumping tests, sampling and laboratory analysis of water quality. Once a potentially suitable aquifer is identified, test well construction and testing programs are implemented, to evaluate the aquifer’s long-term water supply capacity. For a municipal or commercial supplies, one or more high yield wells are generally required and the hydrogeological study can be complex. In contrast, modest yield wells are usually adequate for private residential uses. For both, a key goal of the hydrogeological study is to verify that the groundwater source is sustainable over the long term. Once an acceptable groundwater resources has been developed, its long term protection must also be considered. A source water protection (i.e., wellhead protection) program can then be implemented. For more information or to request a no-obligation quote, please contact us.